Attentional Blink and the Other Race Effect
Chloë Steckart, Sophie Hardten
This study explores the other-race effect - better identification of same-race (SR) than other-race (OR) faces. Two targets must be identified within a rapid stream of pictures. Identification of the second target is impaired if the first target requires too much attentional resource, known as the attentional blink (AB). We test the following theories: 1) If other race faces are merely categorized, there should be a smaller AB for OR than SR faces (2) OR faces are processed less holistically than SR faces. If this represents a qualitative shift, OR faces would require less resources and result in a smaller AB. In contrast, if holistic processing is merely less efficient (quantitative difference), there should be a greater AB for OR faces. (3) We correlate measures of ORE with surveys to determine whether these effects are related to quantity or quality of experience with OR individuals.